It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; [e] ChinaNepaland Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east.
Modern humans arrived on the Indian subcontinent from Africa no later than 55, years ago. In the early medieval era, ChristianityIslamJudaismand Zoroastrianism put down roots on India's southern and western coasts. The rights promised to Indians were granted slowly,  but technological changes were introduced, and ideas of education, modernity and the public life took root. India is a secular federal republic governed in a democratic parliamentary system.
It is a pluralisticmultilingual and multi-ethnic society. From being a comparatively destitute country in India has become a fast-growing major economya hub for information technology serviceswith an expanding middle class. Indian movies, music, and spiritual teachings play an increasing role in global culture. It has disputes over Kashmir with its neighbours, Pakistan and Chinaunresolved since the midth century.
A modern rendering of the historical name Bharatavarshawhich applied originally to a region of the Gangetic Valley  Bharat gained increased currency from the midth century as a native name for India.
Its meaning has varied, referring to a region encompassing present-day northern India and Pakistan or to India in its near entirety. By 55, years ago, the first modern humans, or Homo sapienshad arrived on the Indian subcontinent from Africa, where they had earlier evolved. During the period — BCE, many regions of the subcontinent transitioned from the Chalcolithic cultures to the Iron Age ones.
In the late Vedic periodaround the 6th century BCE, the small states and chiefdoms of the Ganges Plain and the north-western regions had consolidated into 16 major oligarchies and monarchies that were known as the mahajanapadas. Jainism came into prominence during the life of its exemplar, Mahavira. Politically, by the 3rd century BCE, the kingdom of Magadha had annexed or reduced other states to emerge as the Mauryan Empire.
The Indian early medieval age, CE to CE, is defined by regional kingdoms and cultural diversity. In the 6th and 7th centuries, the first devotional hymns were created in the Tamil language.
After the 10th century, Muslim Central Asian nomadic clans, using swift-horse cavalry and raising vast armies united by ethnicity and religion, repeatedly overran South Asia's north-western plains, leading eventually to the establishment of the Islamic Delhi Sultanate in Although at first disruptive for the Indian elites, the sultanate largely left its vast non-Muslim subject population to its own laws and customs.
In the early 16th century, northern India, then under mainly Muslim rulers,  fell again to the superior mobility and firepower of a new generation of Central Asian warriors. Instead, it balanced and pacified them through new administrative practices   and diverse and inclusive ruling elites,  leading to more systematic, centralised, and uniform rule.
By the early 18th century, with the lines between commercial and political dominance being increasingly blurred, a number of European trading companies, including the English East India Companyhad established coastal outposts. Many historians consider this to be the onset of India's colonial period. Historians consider India's modern age to have begun sometime between and The appointment in of Lord Dalhousie as Governor General of the East India Company set the stage for changes essential to a modern state.India is located in south Asia.
The capital is New Delhi, and the language most people speak is Hindi. A person who is from India is Indian. India is the seventh largest country in the worldand it has the second highest population after China. The Indian flag has to be made from a special fabric called khadi. The colours and symbol each represent something — orange represents courage and sacrifice, white represents truth and purity, green represents peace and prosperity, and the symbol in the centre Ashoka Chakra stands for the laws of virtue dharma.
Most people in India today follow Hinduism or Islam. A paste made from henna plants is used to paint intricate designs on the skin. This is usually done for festivals, or for weddings. The Himalayas extend across the top of India, and are about 2, kilometres long. India has a variety of terrain, including jungles, coastal plains and a desert Thar Desert.
There are 12 main rivers that flow across India, and the longest is the Ganges. There are two archaeological sites in northwest India that are thought to be the earliest civilisations known in the country.
They existed about 5, years ago, and are located in the region called the Indus Valley. The period of time when India was ruled by Britain is called the British Raj. It lasted for almost a century. India was given its independence infollowing a nationalist movement led by Mohandas Ghandi. Social classes in India are called castes.
Indian food is characterised by lots of spices, such as cinnamon, turmeric, coriander, anise and cardamom. Each region of India produces different kinds of food. It is actually a tomb built in the 17th century to honour the wife of Shah Jahan, who died in childbirth. Poor children may have to work at a very young age to help their parents.
There is a huge gap between richer people, who tend to live in the cities, and the rural poor who live in the countryside. During his life, he was known for being a spiritual teacher. Guru Nanak — Guru Nakak founded Sikhism.
Leaders of Sikhism are called Gurus in honour of Guru Nanak. Mohandas Ghandi — Mohandas Ghandi led a nationalist movement in India that supported independence from British rule. He was also called Mahatma, which is a title of honour. Ghandi was known for supporting non-violent forms of protest. Rudyard Kipling — Rudyard Kipling is an English author who spent his some of his life as a child and young adult in India. His time in India and the culture there inspired much of his writing.
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Where is India? About 1.Disclaimer: All efforts have been made to make this image accurate. However Compare Infobase Limited and its directors do not own any responsibility for the correctness or authenticity of the same. Maps of India - India's No. Transport Network in India. Facts about India. Andhra Pradesh Goa Gujarat Tamilnadu.
Delhi Mumbai Kolkata. Indian Cuisine. The delicious and the exotic dishes of India are marked by the subtle uses of spices and herbs. Which States Share Boundary with China? India, in total, shares land borders with 6 sovereign countries. China is one of those. Below are the Indian states which share borders with the country. Jammu and Kashmir This northern state of India is mostly located in the Himalayan mountains. It shares a… Read More Which States Share Boundaries with Pakistan?
We follow editorialcalls. About India. Transport in India. Cities Of India. Travel to India. Government Schemes. India Utilities:. Click here for Customized Maps. Free Download. Close Disclaimer: All efforts have been made to make this image accurate.
Punjabi chicken pakora Recipe. Sitaphal kalakand Recipe. Lemon Iced Tea Recipe.The Golden Quadrilateral GQ is a national highway network connecting most of the major industrial, agricultural and cultural centres of India. It forms a quadrilateral connecting the four major metro cities of India, viz. The main objective of these super highways is to reduce the distance and time between the four mega cities of India.
The vast majority of the system is not access controlledalthough safety features such as guardrails, shoulders, and high-visibility signs are in use. The Golden Quadrilateral Project GQ Project was intended to establish faster transport networks between major cities and ports, provide smaller towns better access to markets, reduce agricultural spoilage in transport, drive economical growth, and promote truck transport.
However, the highway was built under-budget. In JanuaryIndia announced the four-lane GQ highway network as complete. On NH 8 six-lane work was completed from Vadodara to Surat. Only National Highways are used in the Golden Quadrilateral.
The four legs use the following National Highways new numbering system :. In AugustJharkhand -based project director Satyendra Dubeyin a letter to the prime minister, outlined a list of bad faith mala fide actions in a segment of a highway in Bihar. Dubey's claims included that big contractors had inside information from NHAI officials,  that the contractors for this stretch were not executing the project themselves as stipulated in the contract but had subcontracting the work to small builders who lacked technical expertise,  and that no follow-up was performed after awarding advances.
The NHAI eventually admitted that Dubey's allegations were substantiated, and implemented "radical reforms" in the selection and contract procedures.
Mantu escaped from court on 19 September but was recaptured a month later. InMantu and two others were convicted of murder and other offenses and sentenced to life in prison. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Roads in India Expressways National State. Main article: Satyendra Dubey. Archived from the original on 14 April Retrieved Road Traffic Technology Retrieved on Financial Express. Forbes India. The Financial Express. Archived from the original on 31 July The Indian Express.
National Highways Institute of India. Archived from the original on 4 March Retrieved 5 December Highways in India. Hidden categories: CS1 maint: archived copy as title EngvarB from March Use dmy dates from March Infobox road temporary tracking category 1 Infobox road instances in India All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from September Wikipedia articles in need of updating from September All Wikipedia articles in need of updating All articles with vague or ambiguous time Vague or ambiguous time from September Pages using the Kartographer extension.Disclaimer: All efforts have been made to make this image accurate.
However Compare Infobase Limited and its directors do not own any responsibility for the correctness or authenticity of the same. Maps of India - India's No. India Large Color Map. Disclaimer Close. Which States Share Boundary with China? India, in total, shares land borders with 6 sovereign countries. China is one of those. Below are the Indian states which share borders with the country.
Jammu and Kashmir This northern state of India is mostly located in the Himalayan mountains. It shares a… Read More Which States Share Boundaries with Pakistan? The India Pakistan Border is quite intriguing. Since India has installed 1,50, flood lights on… Read More Sanskrit is considered as Dev Bhasha, the language of Gods.
We follow editorialcalls. About India. Transport in India. Cities Of India. Travel to India. Government Schemes. India Utilities:. Close Disclaimer: All efforts have been made to make this image accurate.A topographical map shows the features of the landscape, including landforms like mountains, plateaus, lakes, streams and valleys. Contour lines drawn on the map indicate the elevation of natural features of the terrain. Making a 3-D topographical map provides kids with the opportunity to demonstrate their understanding of landforms and elevation with a hands-on activity.
Although at first it may seem like a difficult task, when made with papier-mache, the project comes to life with little effort. Once the base is completed, a few final touches create an outstanding display that can be used as supplemental material in a geography unit.
Enlarge the outline of the map to fit a large sheet of poster board. Copying the map on a transparency and projecting the image onto the wall with a projector is a quick way to create the appropriate size image.
Simply trace the outline onto the poster board. You can also enlarge the image on a photocopier, cut it out and either paste it onto the poster board or trace the outline directly on the poster. Locate landforms on the map you are using as a reference. Check the legend the box at the bottom of the map that contains the symbols used on the map of the map to determine the symbols used to indicate specific landforms like rivers, streams, hills, mountains and valleys.
Determine the elevation of each landform by reading the contour lines on the map. Contour lines indicate the height of geological features and are generally written in feet. Mark landforms and elevations on the poster board with a pencil to create a guide for forming the papier-mache. Squeeze small sections of papier-mache between your fingers allowing excess glue to drip back into the bucket and apply a thin layer of papier-mache to the entire map area.
Build up areas of higher elevation using the contour lines on the original map as a guide. Mountains may need several layers of papier-mache to reach the desired height.
Use your best judgment to simulate approximate height and keep landforms in proportion. Duplicate the texture of the terrain by molding the papier-mache with your fingers. Make rough terrain like rocky hillsides by forming the papier-mache into irregular edges with your fingers. Smooth the papier-mache with your fingers for areas that are smooth or level. Create indentations for river or lakes by making indentations in the papier-mache with your fingers or other object like a pencil or dowel.
Place in an area where it will not be disturbed and allow to dry overnight. Check that all areas are completely dry. Depending on the amount of moisture in the papier-mache, temperature of the room and the thickness of mountains and landforms, it may take two days to dry.
Paint the map in the appropriate colors using blue for water, green for vegetation and brown for soil. Mixing or blending colors to create variations in the terrain of the map creates a more realistic appearance. Allow to dry completely.DIY Republic Day special craft for kids - Indian Map Craft work - School projects for kids
Add labels with fine tip marker. Spray the map with clear coat of acrylic fixative to protect the surface and prevent wear. Nannette Richford is an avid gardener, teacher and nature enthusiast with more than four years' experience in online writing.
Add finely shredded paper to papier-mache paste and allow it to soak completely. Things You'll Need. About the Author. Photo Credits.Thanks for visiting indzara. The templates require only basic Excel knowledge to use.
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